CF Industries Holdings, Inc. Reports First Quarter 2022 Net Earnings of $883 Million, Adjusted EBITDA of $1.65 Billion

Robust Global Nitrogen Demand, Limited Supply, Strong Operational Performance and Expanded Logistics to Serve Customers Drove Record Quarterly Financial Results

DEERFIELD, Ill., May 04, 2022–(BUSINESS WIRE)–CF Industries Holdings, Inc. (NYSE: CF), a leading global manufacturer of hydrogen and nitrogen products, today announced results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2022.

Highlights

  • First quarter net earnings of $883 million(1), EBITDA(2) of $1.68 billion and adjusted EBITDA(2) of $1.65 billion

  • Trailing twelve months net cash from operating activities of $3.69 billion, free cash flow(3) of $2.80 billion

  • North American manufacturing network achieved record first quarter gross ammonia, urea ammonium nitrate (UAN) and diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) production volumes

  • Board of Directors increased quarterly dividend by 33 percent to $0.40 per share

  • Company redeemed $500 million in debt on April 21, 2022, lowering gross long-term debt to $3 billion

  • Repurchased approximately 1.3 million shares for $100 million during the first quarter of 2022

  • Mitsui & Co., Ltd. and CF Industries announced intention to jointly develop an export-oriented greenfield ammonia production facility in the United States to produce blue ammonia

“We ran our plants extremely well during the first quarter and expanded our considerable logistics capabilities to help North American customers prepare for the spring fertilizer application season,” said Tony Will, president and chief executive officer, CF Industries Holdings, Inc. “Global grains stocks remain extremely low, an issue that has become amplified because of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. We think it will take at least 2-3 years to replenish global grains stocks.”

Nitrogen Market Outlook

Management expects global nitrogen industry dynamics to remain strong for the foreseeable future, with robust global nitrogen demand coupled with tight global nitrogen supply and wide energy differentials between North America and marginal production in Europe and Asia.

Global demand for nitrogen remains robust, underpinned by the need to replenish global grains stocks. Low global grains stocks-to-use ratios have driven corn, wheat and other grains futures prices in the U.S. to the highest levels in a decade. These futures prices have remained high as the market evaluates the impact of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. These crop prices support high levels of grain planting and incentivize optimal fertilizer application.

Global nitrogen inventory remains extremely tight. While producers in low-cost regions appear to be operating at high rates, global supply continues to be limited by curtailments in Europe and Asia due to high energy costs, ongoing restrictions on exports of certain nitrogen products from Egypt, Turkey and China, and obstacles to nitrogen exports from Russia related to the direct and indirect impact of various sanctions as well as government-imposed export limits.

Energy differentials for Europe and Asia compared to low-cost regions remain significant. This has steepened the global nitrogen cost curve and increased margin opportunities for low-cost North American producers. Forward curves suggest that these favorable energy spreads will persist throughout 2022 and into 2023.

North America: Management projects corn plantings in the United States will be 91 to 93 million acres in 2022, above intentions reported by farmers to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Production returns in 2022 on all crops are forecast to be historically high despite high input costs, and the Company believes that prices will bid in more corn acres than the USDA planting intentions report from March. U.S. manufacturing and mining activity has remained positive, further supporting nitrogen demand in the region.

India: Management expects that India will continue to tender on a regular basis throughout 2022 to meet the demand for urea necessary to maximize grain production. The Company expects urea imports to India in 2022 to be in the range of 8 million metric tons, below recent record years but keeping the country as the world’s largest importer of urea.

Brazil: Urea consumption in Brazil is expected to remain strong in 2022, supported by high crop prices, expected high planted corn acres and improved farm incomes. The Company believes that fertilizer tradeflows to Brazil will be among the most affected by the barriers to export of fertilizer products from Russia, with more than 90 percent of ammonium nitrate (AN) imported into Brazil in recent years having originated from Russia. Purchasers in Brazil may substitute other nitrogen fertilizers for AN.

Europe: Natural gas prices remain elevated due in part to the Russian invasion of Ukraine and the uncertainty about gas flows from Russia. Forward curves for natural gas in Europe remain above historical norms, challenging nitrogen producer profitability and forcing European production into the position of global marginal producer.

China: Urea exports from China are expected to be limited through at least the first half of 2022 as the Chinese government has implemented measures to discourage urea exports and promote the availability and affordability of fertilizers domestically. Management expects that some level of nitrogen exports will resume in the second half of 2022.

Operations Overview

The Company continues to operate safely and efficiently across its network. As of March 31, 2022, the 12-month rolling average recordable incident rate was 0.25 incidents per 200,000 work hours, significantly better than industry benchmarks.

Gross ammonia production for the first quarter of 2022 was approximately 2.6 million tons. Management expects gross ammonia production for 2022 will return to historical levels (9.5 to 10.0 million tons) based on normal operating conditions and a return to a typical level of planned maintenance activities.

During the quarter, CF Industries leveraged its logistics capabilities to deliver product to customers and further position nitrogen for the spring application season in North America. The Company achieved its highest railcar utilization rate in over five years and highest volume of quarterly rail shipments of nitrogen in ten years. Supply chain disruptions have developed in the second quarter, particularly related to rail service issues, that the Company continues to manage. CF Industries also is chartering three times its typical volume of U.S.-flagged vessels to move UAN to the east and west coasts of the United States.

Financial Results Overview

For the first quarter of 2022, net earnings attributable to common stockholders were $883 million, or $4.21 per diluted share; EBITDA was $1.68 billion; and adjusted EBITDA was $1.65 billion. These results compare to 2021 net earnings attributable to common stockholders of $151 million, or $0.70 per diluted share; EBITDA of $398 million; and adjusted EBITDA of $398 million.

Sales and Cost of Sales Overview

Net sales in the first quarter of 2022 were $2.9 billion compared to $1.0 billion in 2021. Average selling prices for 2022 were higher than 2021 across all segments due to strong global demand as well as decreased global supply availability as higher global energy costs drove lower global operating rates and geopolitical factors disrupted the global fertilizer supply chain. Sales volumes in the first quarter of 2022 were higher than 2021 due to greater supply availability from higher capacity utilization rates in North America.

Cost of sales for the first quarter of 2022 was higher compared to 2021 primarily due to higher natural gas costs.

In the first quarter of 2022, the average cost of natural gas reflected in the Company’s cost of sales was $6.48 per MMBtu compared to the average cost of natural gas in cost of sales of $3.22 per MMBtu in 2021.

Canada Revenue Agency Matter

Net earnings include the impact of recognizing $72 million in income tax expense and $168 million in after-tax net interest expense related to the pending resolution of a long-standing dispute dating back to the early 2000s between Canadian and U.S. tax authorities regarding allocation of profits and associated tax payments between the two countries. The matter had been disputed under the bilateral settlement provisions of the Convention Between the United States of America and Canada with Respect to Taxes on Income and on Capital (Treaty), and entered into the Treaty’s arbitration process in the second quarter of 2021. The arbitration panel decided in favor of Canada’s position in the first quarter of 2022. As a result of the decision, the Company recorded accruals related to estimated amounts owed to Canada, as well as receivables related to estimated tax refunds from the United States due primarily to the resulting foreign tax credits.

Capital Management

Capital Expenditures

Capital expenditures in the first quarter of 2022 were $63 million. Management projects capital expenditures for full year 2022 will be in a range of $500-$550 million, which includes capital expenditures at the Company’s Donaldsonville Complex related to green and blue ammonia projects.

Dividend Payment

On April 27, 2022, CF Industries’ Board of Directors declared a quarterly dividend of $0.40 per common share, a 33% increase over the previous dividend. The dividend will be paid on May 31, 2022 to stockholders of record as of May 16, 2022.

Share Repurchase Program

The Company repurchased approximately 1.3 million shares for $100 million during the first quarter of 2022.

Debt Redemption

On March 21, 2022, the Company announced that its wholly owned subsidiary CF Industries, Inc. had elected to redeem in full all of the $500,000,000 outstanding principal amount of its 3.450% Senior Notes due 2023 (the “Notes”), in accordance with the optional redemption provisions of the indenture governing the Notes. The Company completed the redemption on April 21, 2022, with cash on hand. The total amount paid for the redemption of the Notes was approximately $513 million, including accrued interest.

CHS Inc. Distribution

CHS Inc. (CHS) is entitled to semi-annual distributions resulting from its minority equity investment in CF Industries Nitrogen, LLC (CFN). The estimate of the partnership distribution earned by CHS, but not yet declared, for the first quarter of 2022 is approximately $190 million.

Clean Energy Initiatives

CF Industries continues to advance its plans to support the global hydrogen and clean fuel economy, which is expected to grow significantly over the next decade, through the production of blue ammonia – ammonia produced with the corresponding CO2 byproduct removed through carbon capture and sequestration – and green ammonia – ammonia produced from carbon free sources.

“We believe that ammonia will play a critical role in accelerating the world’s transition to clean energy and that demand for blue ammonia for this purpose will grow meaningfully in the coming years,” said Will. “Our intended joint venture with Mitsui and our project to enable a significant volume of blue ammonia from Donaldsonville starting in 2024 confirms our position at the forefront of this emerging global market.”

Joint Venture with Mitsui & Co., Ltd.

Mitsui & Co., Ltd. and CF Industries have announced their intention to jointly develop a greenfield ammonia production facility to produce blue ammonia in the United States. The companies anticipate that a front-end engineering design (FEED) study will commence shortly with a final investment decision on constructing the blue ammonia production facility expected in 2023.

Enabling Blue Ammonia Production at Donaldsonville Complex

CF Industries is investing $200 million to construct a CO2 dehydration and compression facility at its Donaldsonville Complex in Louisiana. When complete in 2024, the facility will have the capacity to dehydrate and compress up to 2 million tons per year of CO2, thus enabling the transport and sequestration of the ammonia process byproduct. Once the unit is in service and sequestration is initiated, the Donaldsonville Complex will be able to produce up to 1.7 million tons of blue ammonia per year, which is equivalent to 1 million tons of net-zero carbon ammonia.

Donaldsonville Green Ammonia Project

The Donaldsonville green ammonia project, which involves installing an electrolysis system at Donaldsonville to generate carbon-free hydrogen from water that will then be supplied to an existing ammonia plant to produce green ammonia, continues to progress. Orders for all major equipment items have been placed and detailed engineering is well underway. Once complete in 2023, the project will enable the Company to produce approximately 20,000 tons per year of green ammonia.

UAN Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Investigations

On June 30, 2021, CF Industries, through certain of its production facilities, filed petitions with the U.S. Department of Commerce (Commerce) and the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC) requesting the initiation of antidumping and countervailing duty investigations on imports of UAN from Russia and Trinidad. CF Industries filed these cases due to the harm the domestic UAN industry has experienced from dumped and unfairly subsidized UAN imports from Russia and Trinidad.

Following an affirmative preliminary decision by the ITC in August 2021, Commerce conducted preliminary investigations of UAN imports from Russia and Trinidad, finding that imports from both countries were subsidized and dumped (i.e., sold at less than fair value). As a result of these determinations, Commerce imposed cash deposit requirements on imports of UAN from Russia and Trinidad equal to the level of subsidies and dumping found. Currently, Russian UAN imports face cash deposits ranging from 9.15% to 127.19%, and Trinidadian UAN imports face cash deposits equal to 111.64%.

Commerce is now conducting its final investigations, which are scheduled to be completed in June 2022, with the ITC scheduled to make its final determination in the summer of 2022. Under U.S. law, both Commerce and the ITC must make final affirmative determinations in order for Commerce to issue AD/CVD orders, which would remain in place for at least five years. At this time, management cannot predict the outcome of the proceedings, including whether antidumping or countervailing duties will be imposed on imports from either country, or the rate of any such duties.

___________________________________________________

(1)

Certain items recognized during the first quarter of 2022 impacted our financial results and their comparability to the prior year period. See the table accompanying this release for a summary of these items.

(2)

EBITDA is defined as net earnings attributable to common stockholders plus interest expense—net, income taxes and depreciation and amortization. See reconciliations of EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA to the most directly comparable GAAP measures in the tables accompanying this release.

(3)

Free cash flow is defined as net cash from operating activities less capital expenditures and distributions to noncontrolling interest. See reconciliation of free cash flow to the most directly comparable GAAP measure in the table accompanying this release.

Consolidated Results

Three months ended

March 31,

2022

2021

(dollars in millions, except per

share and per MMBtu amounts)

Net sales

$

2,868

$

1,048

Cost of sales

1,170

759

Gross margin

$

1,698

$

289

Gross margin percentage

59.2

%

27.6

%

Net earnings attributable to common stockholders

$

883

$

151

Net earnings per diluted share

$

4.21

$

0.70

EBITDA(1)

$

1,675

$

398

Adjusted EBITDA(1)

$

1,648

$

398

Tons of product sold (000s)

4,624

4,564

Natural gas supplemental data (per MMBtu):

Cost of natural gas used for production in cost of sales(2)

$

6.48

$

3.22

Average daily market price of natural gas Henry Hub (Louisiana)

$

4.60

$

3.38

Average daily market price of natural gas National Balancing Point (United Kingdom)

$

30.20

$

6.90

Unrealized net mark-to-market gain on natural gas derivatives

$

(33

)

$

(6

)

Depreciation and amortization

$

208

$

204

Capital expenditures

$

63

$

71

Production volume by product tons (000s):

Ammonia(3)

2,613

2,479

Granular urea

1,074

1,184

UAN (32%)

1,865

1,689

AN

405

475

___________________________________________________

(1)

See reconciliations of EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA to the most directly comparable GAAP measures in the tables accompanying this release.

(2)

Includes the cost of natural gas used for production and related transportation that is included in cost of sales during the period under the first-in, first-out inventory cost method. Includes realized gains and losses on natural gas derivatives settled during the period. Excludes unrealized mark-to-market gains and losses on natural gas derivatives. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, excludes the $112 million gain on net settlement of certain natural gas contracts with suppliers due to Winter Storm Uri in February 2021.

(3)

Gross ammonia production, including amounts subsequently upgraded into other products.

Ammonia Segment

CF Industries’ ammonia segment produces anhydrous ammonia (ammonia), which is the base product that the Company manufactures, containing 82 percent nitrogen and 18 percent hydrogen. The results of the ammonia segment consist of sales of ammonia to external customers for its nitrogen content as a fertilizer, in emissions control and in other industrial applications. The Company has also announced steps to produce blue and green ammonia and market to external customers for its hydrogen content in clean energy applications. In addition, the Company upgrades ammonia into other nitrogen products such as urea, UAN and AN.

Three months ended

March 31,

2022

2021

(dollars in millions,

except per ton amounts)

Net sales

$

640

$

206

Cost of sales

280

80

Gross margin

$

360

$

126

Gross margin percentage

56.3

%

61.2

%

Sales volume by product tons (000s)

727

683

Sales volume by nutrient tons (000s)(1)

596

560

Average selling price per product ton

$

880

$

302

Average selling price per nutrient ton(1)

1,074

368

Adjusted gross margin(2):

Gross margin

$

360

$

126

Depreciation and amortization

34

36

Unrealized net mark-to-market gain on natural gas derivatives

(8

)

(2

)

Adjusted gross margin

$

386

$

160

Adjusted gross margin as a percent of net sales

60.3

%

77.7

%

Gross margin per product ton

$

495

$

184

Gross margin per nutrient ton(1)

604

225

Adjusted gross margin per product ton

531

234

Adjusted gross margin per nutrient ton(1)

648

286

___________________________________________________

(1)

Nutrient tons represent the tons of nitrogen within the product tons.

(2)

Adjusted gross margin, adjusted gross margin as a percent of net sales and adjusted gross margin per product ton and per nutrient ton are non-GAAP financial measures. Adjusted gross margin is defined as gross margin excluding depreciation and amortization and unrealized net mark-to-market (gain) loss on natural gas derivatives. A reconciliation of adjusted gross margin, adjusted gross margin as a percent of net sales and adjusted gross margin per product ton and per nutrient ton to gross margin, the most directly comparable GAAP measure, is provided in the table above. See “Note Regarding Non-GAAP Financial Measures” in this release.

Comparison of first quarter 2022 to 2021:

  • Ammonia sales volume increased for the first quarter of 2022 compared to 2021 due to greater supply availability from higher production.

  • Ammonia average selling prices increased for the first quarter of 2022 compared to 2021 due to strong global demand as well as decreased global supply availability as higher global energy costs drove lower global operating rates and geopolitical factors disrupted the global fertilizer supply chain.

  • Ammonia adjusted gross margin per ton increased for the first quarter of 2022 compared to 2021 due to higher average selling prices, partially offset by the gain the Company recognized from the net settlement of certain natural gas contracts with suppliers during February 2021 not repeating, as well as higher realized natural gas costs.

Granular Urea Segment

CF Industries’ granular urea segment produces granular urea, which contains 46 percent nitrogen. Produced from ammonia and carbon dioxide, it has the highest nitrogen content of any of the Company’s solid nitrogen products.

Three months ended

March 31,

2022

2021

(dollars in millions,

except per ton amounts)

Net sales

$

765

$

399

Cost of sales

270

264

Gross margin

$

495

$

135

Gross margin percentage

64.7

%

33.8

%

Sales volume by product tons (000s)

1,096

1,320

Sales volume by nutrient tons (000s)(1)

504

607

Average selling price per product ton

$

698

$

302

Average selling price per nutrient ton(1)

1,518

657

Adjusted gross margin(2):

Gross margin

$

495

$

135

Depreciation and amortization

64

66

Unrealized net mark-to-market gain on natural gas derivatives

(7

)

(2

)

Adjusted gross margin

$

552

$

199

Adjusted gross margin as a percent of net sales

72.2

%

49.9

%

Gross margin per product ton

$

452

$

102

Gross margin per nutrient ton(1)

982

222

Adjusted gross margin per product ton

504

151

Adjusted gross margin per nutrient ton(1)

1,095

328

___________________________________________________

(1)

Nutrient tons represent the tons of nitrogen within the product tons.

(2)

Adjusted gross margin, adjusted gross margin as a percent of net sales and adjusted gross margin per product ton and per nutrient ton are non-GAAP financial measures. Adjusted gross margin is defined as gross margin excluding depreciation and amortization and unrealized net mark-to-market (gain) loss on natural gas derivatives. A reconciliation of adjusted gross margin, adjusted gross margin as a percent of net sales and adjusted gross margin per product ton and per nutrient ton to gross margin, the most directly comparable GAAP measure, is provided in the table above. See “Note Regarding Non-GAAP Financial Measures” in this release.

Comparison of first quarter of 2022 to 2021:

  • Granular urea sales volume decreased for the first quarter of 2022 compared to 2021 due to lower supply availability from lower production as the Company chose to maximize UAN production during the quarter.

  • Urea average selling prices increased for the first quarter of 2022 compared to 2021 due to strong global demand as well as decreased global supply availability as higher global energy costs drove lower global operating rates and geopolitical factors disrupted the global fertilizer supply chain.

  • Granular urea adjusted gross margin per ton increased for the first quarter of 2022 compared to 2021 due to higher average selling prices, partially offset by higher realized natural gas costs.

UAN Segment

CF Industries’ UAN segment produces urea ammonium nitrate solution (UAN). UAN is a liquid product with nitrogen content that typically ranges from 28 percent to 32 percent and is produced by combining urea and ammonium nitrate in solution.

Three months ended

March 31,

2022

2021

(dollars in millions,

except per ton amounts)

Net sales

$

1,015

$

232

Cost of sales

345

230

Gross margin

$

670

$

2

Gross margin percentage

66.0

%

0.9

%

Sales volume by product tons (000s)

1,828

1,514

Sales volume by nutrient tons (000s)(1)

576

476

Average selling price per product ton

$

555

$

153

Average selling price per nutrient ton(1)

1,762

487

Adjusted gross margin(2):

Gross margin

$

670

$

2

Depreciation and amortization

70

56

Unrealized net mark-to-market gain on natural gas derivatives

(8

)

(2

)

Adjusted gross margin

$

732

$

56

Adjusted gross margin as a percent of net sales

72.1

%

24.1

%

Gross margin per product ton

$

367

$

1

Gross margin per nutrient ton(1)

1,163

4

Adjusted gross margin per product ton

400

37

Adjusted gross margin per nutrient ton(1)

1,271

118

___________________________________________________

(1)

Nutrient tons represent the tons of nitrogen within the product tons.

(2)

Adjusted gross margin, adjusted gross margin as a percent of net sales and adjusted gross margin per product ton and per nutrient ton are non-GAAP financial measures. Adjusted gross margin is defined as gross margin excluding depreciation and amortization and unrealized net mark-to-market (gain) loss on natural gas derivatives. A reconciliation of adjusted gross margin, adjusted gross margin as a percent of net sales and adjusted gross margin per product ton and per nutrient ton to gross margin, the most directly comparable GAAP measure, is provided in the table above. See “Note Regarding Non-GAAP Financial Measures” in this release.

Comparison of first quarter of 2022 to 2021:

  • UAN sales volume increased for the first quarter of 2022 compared to 2021 due to greater supply availability from higher production.

  • UAN average selling prices increased for the first quarter of 2022 compared to 2021 due to strong global demand as well as decreased global supply availability as higher global energy costs drove lower global operating rates and geopolitical factors disrupted the global fertilizer supply chain.

  • UAN adjusted gross margin per ton increased for the first quarter of 2022 compared to 2021 due to higher average selling prices, partially offset by higher realized natural gas costs.

AN Segment

CF Industries’ AN segment produces ammonium nitrate (AN). AN is used as a nitrogen fertilizer with nitrogen content between 29 percent to 35 percent, and also is used by industrial customers for commercial explosives and blasting systems.

Three months ended

March 31,

2022

2021

(dollars in millions,

except per ton amounts)

Net sales

$

223

$

105

Cost of sales

171

95

Gross margin

$

52

$

10

Gross margin percentage

23.3

%

9.5

%

Sales volume by product tons (000s)

428

438

Sales volume by nutrient tons (000s)(1)

146

147

Average selling price per product ton

$

521

$

240

Average selling price per nutrient ton(1)

1,527

714

Adjusted gross margin(2):

Gross margin

$

52

$

10

Depreciation and amortization

17

19

Unrealized net mark-to-market gain on natural gas derivatives

(6

)

Adjusted gross margin

$

63

$

29

Adjusted gross margin as a percent of net sales

28.3

%

27.6

%

Gross margin per product ton

$

121

$

23

Gross margin per nutrient ton(1)

356

68

Adjusted gross margin per product ton

147

66

Adjusted gross margin per nutrient ton(1)

432

197

___________________________________________________

(1)

Nutrient tons represent the tons of nitrogen within the product tons.

(2)

Adjusted gross margin, adjusted gross margin as a percent of net sales and adjusted gross margin per product ton and per nutrient ton are non-GAAP financial measures. Adjusted gross margin is defined as gross margin excluding depreciation and amortization and unrealized net mark-to-market (gain) loss on natural gas derivatives. A reconciliation of adjusted gross margin, adjusted gross margin as a percent of net sales and adjusted gross margin per product ton and per nutrient ton to gross margin, the most directly comparable GAAP measure, is provided in the table above. See “Note Regarding Non-GAAP Financial Measures” in this release.

Comparison of first quarter of 2022 to 2021:

  • AN sales volume for the first quarter of 2022 was similar to 2021.

  • AN average selling prices for the first quarter of 2022 increased compared to 2021 due to strong global demand as well as decreased global supply availability as higher global energy costs drove lower global operating rates and geopolitical factors disrupted the global fertilizer supply chain.

  • AN adjusted gross margin per ton increased for the first quarter of 2022 compared to 2021 due primarily to higher average selling prices, partially offset by higher realized natural gas costs.

Other Segment

CF Industries’ Other segment includes diesel exhaust fluid (DEF), urea liquor, nitric acid and compound fertilizer products (NPKs).

Three months ended

March 31,

2022

2021

(dollars in millions,

except per ton amounts)

Net sales

$

225

$

106

Cost of sales

104

90

Gross margin

$

121

$

16

Gross margin percentage

53.8

%

15.1

%

Sales volume by product tons (000s)

545

609

Sales volume by nutrient tons (000s)(1)

104

122

Average selling price per product ton

$

413

$

174

Average selling price per nutrient ton(1)

2,163

869

Adjusted gross margin(2):

Gross margin

$

121

$

16

Depreciation and amortization

19

22

Unrealized net mark-to-market gain on natural gas derivatives

(4

)

Adjusted gross margin

$

136

$

38

Adjusted gross margin as a percent of net sales

60.4

%

35.8

%

Gross margin per product ton

$

222

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